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實例解讀GMAT語法題做題要點

摘要:GMAT語法是GMAT考試中的最重要的題型,“得GMAT語法者得天下”。

  GMAT語法是GMAT考試中的最重要的題型,“得GMAT語法者得天下”。然而GMAT的語法是非常有規律可循的,一些語法原則在其它考試可能并不正確,但在GMAT當眾如同定律一樣,能夠快速幫助你排除錯誤選項。

  我們先來看兩道GMAT語法題的解析:

  題1:Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to higher enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980's and, at nearly 47 million, are at a record high.

  (A) enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980's and, at nearly 47 million, are at

  (B) enrollment, with a number of students in public schools growing steadily since the mid-1980's and, at nearly 47 million, reaching

  (C) enrollment: since students in public schools have grown steadily in number since the mid-1980's and, at nearly 47 million, have reached

  (D) enrollment: the number of students in public schools has grown steadily since the mid-1980's and, at nearly 47 million, has reached

  (E) enrollment: students in public schools have grown steadily in number since the mid-1980's and, at nearly 47 million, are at

  原文大致意思:

  教育收費上漲主要是因為入學人數多了,并且到達了最高點

  題目分析:

  原文說到學生數量的時候提到了一個并列關系,就是 have grown steadily 和 are at a record high 這兩個之間形成的并列關系。

  A 用 have 和 are 而發起者是 number,主謂不一致,干掉。

  B 選項說 reaching 就和前面形成不了并列關系了,干掉。

  C reach 的發起者變成 students 了,不對,學生是無法到達歷史最高點的。

  D 用 has grown 和 has reached,形成了并列關系,并且主謂保持一致,留著。

  E are at a record high 的發起者變成學生了,犯的錯誤和 C 類似,殺!

  題2:The Anasazi settlements at Chaco Canyon were built on a spectacular scale with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each, were connected by a complex regional system of roads.

  (A) with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each, were

  (B) with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each,

  (C) of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms, each that had been

  (D) of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms and with each

  (E) of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms each had been

  原文意思:

  說一個建筑物建筑規模比較宏大,有 75 個 structure,有 600 多個 room 并且和各種道路相連

  題目分析:

  A 有不止一個謂語,were built 是一個后面的 were connected 是另外一個,干掉。

  B 前面用 with 后面用 of up, 形成并列關系表示建筑物的兩個特點進行并列, 還可以, 留著。

  C 后面的 of up to 600 rooms 變成修飾 structure 了,這個 of 短語應該修飾 scale 的,語義不對,干掉。

  D 犯的錯誤和 C 類似,干掉。

  E 又是相同錯誤,干掉!

  GMAT語法題做題要點:

  GMAT語法題目中有些選項是有絕對的語法錯誤,而有些選項則表面上看來是沒基本語法問題的,它的問題可能是:表達不清楚、重復啰唆或者違反了商業常規用法。

  其次,具備基本的語法知識和劃分長難句。所有的英語句子都是由“主謂賓/主系表+修飾”這樣的構成方式,在面對語法中一些看似長且語意復雜的句子時,需要快速“去修飾、找主干”。因為對任何一個原來句子的改進都是建立在盡量不改變原來句子意思、結構和邏輯關系的基礎上,考生只有很好的把握到句子的主干核心才能在做題時快速做出正確的判斷。

  第三,了解考試主要的幾大語法考察點:主謂一致、謂語時態、比較平行、指代問題、固定搭配、修飾問題和邏輯表達。

  第四, 有些我們母語的表達習慣可能會影響我們對題的判斷。

  第五,多做題,多總結。每個人的知識缺陷和做題方法都不一樣,應該在自己練習的過程中不斷總結來提升自己的速度和正確率。

  最后,考前一個月必須在電腦上練習。如果不提前適應電腦屏幕和不能做符號標注的考試模式,可能在考試的時候,會一定程度上降低自己的正確率。

  考語法,就是在考查考生在眾多原則中的權衡和抉擇,分清什么要執著固守,什么可靈活應變。

 

 

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實例解讀GMAT語法題做題要點 實例解讀GMAT語法題做題要點 2017-09-28 13:32:35
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