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雅思閱讀關系連接詞真題解析

摘要:在平時的授課當中,我發現很多考生,讀懂了題干,但是仍然難以定位題目在文中的具體位置。其實,很多學生已經學會了利用“特殊印刷體”去定位出題為止

  在平時的授課當中,我發現很多考生,讀懂了題干,但是仍然難以定位題目在文中的具體位置。其實,很多學生已經學會了利用“特殊印刷體”去定位出題為止,如:人名、地點、時間、數字、生詞以及大寫字母等。但是很多人卻忽略了作者在行文時最倚重的“指南針”——關系聯接詞(也稱信號詞),通過關系詞我們可以有效地定位主旨、搜尋細節、鎖定答案??梢哉f關系聯接詞適用于雅思閱讀的任意一個題型當中。

  常見于閱讀中的關系詞主要包括六大類:因果關系詞、轉折關系詞、比較關系詞、并列關系詞、順承及遞進關系詞和舉例說明關系詞。

  1. 因果關系詞:because of, hence, since, lead to, result in, result from, as a result, due to, contribute to, owning to, accordingly, consequently, therefore, in that

  2. 轉折關系詞:despite, in spite of, but, although, though, while, yet, otherwise, on the other hand, however, nevertheless, nonetheless

  3. 比較關系詞:more, than, less, the least, the most, prefer, equally, likewise, similarly, in comparison, as…as

  4. 并列關系詞:first, second…finally, and, or, as well as, one… the other, not…nor…

  5. 順承及遞進關系詞:also, apart from, besides, moreover, furthermore, not only……but also

  6. 舉例說明關系詞:that is to say, in other words, such as, for example, for instance

  以下就上述六點各列舉劍橋閱讀真題講解下:

  1. “因果關系詞”在劍三A類閱讀Test 2 Passage 2中得以體現。

  All these activities may have damaging environmental impacts. For example, land clearing for agriculture is the largest single cause of deforestation and chemical fertilizers and pesticides may contaminate water supply……

  考生在快速瀏覽此段中應當對“is the largest single cause of”這句因果關系詞非常敏感,因為它幾乎就是在告訴你:前面是原因后面是結果。這樣后面的Question 19的因果配對題就能迅速搞定了:跟deforestation這個environmental damage that may result相對應的就是原文里的land clearing for agriculture,那么正確選項就是land clearing for cultivation. 原文和選項間出現同義置換:agriculture和cultivation.

  2. “轉折關系詞”在劍三Test 1 Passage 1的“The Rocket From East To West”一文中得以體現。

  It was not until the eighteenth century that Europe became seriously interested in the possibilities of using the rocket itself as weapon of war and not just to propel other weapons. Prior to this, rockets were used only in pyrotechnic displays. The incentive for the more aggressive use of rockets came not from within the European continent but from far-away India, whose leaders had built up a corps of rocketeers and used rockets successfully against the British in the late eighteenth century. The Indian rockets used against the British were described by a British Captain serving in India as 'an iron envelope about 200 millimetres long and 40 millimetres in diametre with sharp points at the top and a 3m-long bamboo guiding stick'. In the early nineteenth century the British began to experiment with incendiary barrage rockets. The British rocket differed from the Indian version in that it was completely encased in a stout, iron cylinder, terminating in a conical head, measuring one meter in diameter and having a stick almost five meters long and construted in such a way that it could be firmly attached to the body of the rocket. The Americans developed a rocket,complete with its own launcher, to use against the Mexicans in the mid-nineteenth century. A long cylindrical tube was propped up by two sticks and fastened to the top of the launcher,thereby allowing the rockets to be inserted and lit from the other end.However, the results were sometimes not that impressive as the behaviour of the rockets in flight was less than predictable.

  轉折關系詞在閱讀文章中太常見了!以至于我非得找出一個比較難的題目才能讓大家真正感受到轉折小詞的魅力!此段開頭作者很平靜地敘述“It was not until the eighteenth century that Europe became seriously interested in the possibilities of using the rocket itself as weapon of war and not just to propel other weapons.”(直到18世紀歐洲人才開始對將火箭本身作為軍事武器而非僅僅助推其他武器的可能性非常感興趣)讓很多考生誤以為首次將火箭用于軍事是歐洲人做的事,因此文后的Question 9 rockets as war weapons的配對題(要求與首次發明或使用的國家相配對)眾多考生紛紛落馬,誤選成“the British”。原因是大家都忽略了文中那個小小的but from far-away India(并非來自歐洲而是來自遙遠的印度),正確答案恰恰是the Indian.

  3. “比較關系詞” 劍四Test 3 Passage 2的“Volcanoes – Earth-Shattering News”一文中得以體現。

  The biggest eruption are deep on the mid-ocean floor, where new lava is forcing the continents apart and widening the Atlantic by perhaps five centimetres a year. Look at maps of volcanoes, earthquakes and island chains like the Philippines and Japan, and you can see the rough outlines of what are called tectonic plates – the plates which make up the earth’s crust and mantle. The most dramatic of these is the Pacific ‘ring of fire’ where there have the most violent explosions – Mount Pinatubo near Manila, Mount St Helen’s in the Rockies and El Chichón in Mexico about a decade ago, not to mention world-shaking blasts like Krakatoa in the Sunda Straits in 1883.

  最高級往往是考點的頻發地帶,此段中,“The most dramatic of these is the Pacific ‘ring of fire’”恰恰就是后面Question 20簡答題What is the earthquake zone on the Pacific Ocean called?對應的出處,正確答案是ring of fire.

  4. “并列關系詞”在劍五G類閱讀的“Lack of sleep”一文中得以體現。

  For many people, lack of sleep is rarely a matter of choice. Some have problems getting to sleep, others with staying asleep until the morning. Despite popular belief that sleep is one long event, research shows that, in an average night, there are five stages of sleep and four cycles, during which the sequence of stages is repeated. In the first light phase, the heart rate and blood pressure go down and the muscles relax. In the next two stages, sleep gets progressively deeper. In stage four, usually reached after an hour, the slumber is so deep that, if awoken, the sleeper would be confused and disorientated. It is in this phase that sleep-walking can occur, with an average episode lasting no more than 15 minutes. In the fifth stage, the rapid eye movement (REM) stage, the heartbeat quickly gets back to normal levels, brain activity accelerates to daytime heights and above and the eyes move constantly beneath closed lids as if the sleeper is looking at something. During this stage, the body is almost paralysed. This REM phase is also the time when we dream.

  此段中,考生在掃讀時只要抓住“In the first light phase, In the next two stages, In stage four, In the fifth stage”這些表示順序的并列關系連接詞,全段的脈絡當下立現:睡眠的各個階段和不同周期。文章后面對應的“段落信息配對題”Question 35題干“the process involved during sleep”就立刻能與此段對應起來了。

  5. “順承及遞進關系詞”在劍三Test 1 Passage 1的“The Rocket From East To West”一文中得以體現。

  The concept of the rocket, or rather the mechanism behind the idea of propelling an object into the air, has been around for well over two thousand years. However, it wasn't until the discovery of the reaction principle, which was the key to space travel and so represents one of the great milestones in the history of scientific thought, that rocket technology was able to develop. Not only did it solve a problem that had intrigued man for ages, but, more importantly, it literally opened the door to exploration of the universe.

  not only……but also可以說是最司空見慣的遞進關系詞了,考生一旦看到not only就要立刻去后面定位but also引導的小分句,因為這必然會出現考點。上文中“but, more importantly, it literally opened the door to exploration of the universe.”(它打開了探索宇宙的大門)此句就是文章后面Question 5 The greatest outcome of the discovery of the reaction principle was that單選題在文中定位之處,此題問的是反作用原理的最大意義是什么,正是文中的“它打開了探索宇宙的大門”。正確答案是B選項里的space travel become a reality.

  6. “舉例說明關系詞”在劍四Test 3 Passage 2的“Volcanoes – Earth-Shattering News”一文中得以體現。

  Geologists consider the earth as having a molten core, surrounded by a semi-molten mantle and a brittle, outer skin. It helps to think of a soft-boiled egg with a runny yolk, a firm but squishy white and a hard shell. If the shell is even slightly cracked during boiling, the white material bubbles out and sets like a tiny mountain chain over the crack- like an archipelago of volcanic islands such as the Hawaiian Islands. But the earth is so much bigger and the mantle below is so much hotter.

  作者用類比來說明一個抽象事物,在劍三的“The Rocket From East To West”一文中也有體現。上文中作者將火山噴發的原理比喻成“a soft-boiled egg with a runny yolk, a firm but squishy white and a hard shell.”(一個未煮熟的雞蛋,有著流質的蛋黃,凝固而濕軟的蛋白和堅硬的外殼)。與此相對應的是Question 15給Section B配對標題,正確答案是causes of volcanic eruption(火山噴發的原理),恰恰是文中作者的類比內容總結歸納得來。

  綜上所述,在時間有限、詞匯量有限、題目量大的“三座大山”壓迫下,考生們必須學會“見林不見木”,多多運用關系連接詞來圈定文中重點內容,而不要迷失在眾多生詞和句落之中,讓“導航儀”真正發揮作用。

  以上就是優擇小編整理的帶上“導航儀”做雅思閱讀關于方法,只要大家耐心的復習,認真的準備,好好總結,其實雅思考試想要取得高分也沒有想象那么難。最后祝愿大家考試順利,實現你的出國夢想。

  想了解更多雅思相關信息,歡迎咨詢優擇官網客服或撥打咨詢熱線:400-0341-885,也可以加入優擇雅思QQ群:364593417,我們有專業名師團隊對提出的問題進行一一解答,為您提供最優質的服務。

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