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2016年4月2日雅思閱讀回憶與解析

摘要:Passage 1 The Innovation of Grocery Stores Questions 1-5 ................................................................................. The reading Passage has seven paragraphs A-G. Which paragraph contains the following information? Wri

Passage 1

The Innovation of Grocery Stores

Questions 1-5
.................................................................................
The reading Passage has seven paragraphs A-G.
Which paragraph contains the following information?
Write the correct letter A-G, in boxes 1-5 on your answer sheet.
NB You may use any letter more than once.
1  How Clarence Saunders’ new idea had been carried out.
2  Introducing the modes and patterns of groceries before his age.
3  Clarence Saunders declared bankruptcy a few years later .
4  Descriptions of Clarence Saunders’ new conception.
5  The booming development of his business.
Questions 6-10
...............................................................................
Answer the questions below.
Write ONLY ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBERfrom the passage for each answer.
6 When Clarence Saunders was an adolescent, he took a job as a in a
grocery store.
7 In the new innovation of grocery store, most of the clerks’ work before was
done by
8 In Saunders’ new grocery store, the section where customers finish the
payment was called
9 Another area in his store which behind the public area was called the ,
where only internal staff could access.
10  At where customers were under surveillance.
Questions 11-13
..............................................................................
Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.
Write your answers in boxes 11-13 on your answer sheet.
11 Why did Clarence Saunders want to propel the innovation of grocery stores at his
age?
A  Because he was an enthusiastic and creative man.
B  Because his boss wanted to reform the grocery industry.
C   Because  he wanted to    develop   its   efficiency      and  make      great       profit       as    well.
D  Because he worried about the future competition from the industry.
12   What happened to Clarence Saunders’  first store  of Piggly Wiggly?
A  Customers complained about its impracticality and inconvenience.
B   It   enjoyed  a great business and  was updated  in    the  first twelve    months.
 C   It   expanded  to  more  than a  thousand franchised stores during the first year.
D  Saunders were required to have his new idea patented and open more stores.
13  What left to Clarence Saunders after his death in 1953?
 A   A   fully       automatic      store       system    opened   soon       near his   first store.
B  The name of his store the Piggly Wiggly was very popular at that time.
C His name was usually connected with his famous shop the Piggly Wiggly in
the following several years.
D  His name was painted together with the name of his famous store.
1 .D
2.A
3.F
4.C
5.E
6. clerk 原文 段首句
7. customers/shoppers 原文 段第 行開始(之前由店員 clerk 滿商
場跑,取貨物的活 段有講,現在顧客自己干了。shopper were not
at the mercy of clerks 顧客完全不依賴店員)
8. lobby原文 段第 
9. stockroom 原文 段第 12 (題目要求 ONLY ONE WORD,所以不
選 storge room)
10. galleries 原文 段第 
11. C 原文 段倒數三行開始
12. B 原文 E段第一行開始
13. C 原文 段最后一行

 

Passage2

Water Treatment: Reed Bed

14-16 TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN:

14. The reed bed system is a conventional method for water

treatment in urban area. FALSE

15. In the reed roots, there is a series of process that help break

down the pollutants. TRUE

16. Escherichia coli is the most difficult bacteria to be dismissed.

NOT GIVEN

17-19 Diagram 填圖題(No more than three words):

 

17. Sludge

18. Sand

19. Gravel

20-21 多選題:

What are the two benefits of natural bed systems when compared to

the conventional systems? 選:A&B

A. Operation does not require electricity or fuel supply.

B. They're visually good and environmental friendly.

C. No mechanical systems are involved.

D. They're to be set up and used in less cost.

E. They do not break down.

22-26 Summary with tables:

22. 選:E

23. 選:C

24. 選:G

25. 選:B

26. 選:D

 

Passage 3

Questions 28-31 .............................................................................
Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.
Write your answers in boxes 28-31 on your answer sheet.
28 What is the main purpose of paragraph ONE?
 A Introduction of professor James Paul Gee.
B  Introduction of the video game: Pajamas Sam.
 C  Introduction of types of video games.
 D  Introduction of the background of this passage.
29 What does the author want to express in the second paragraph?
 A  Video games are widely considered harmful for children’s brain.
 B  Most violent video games are the direct reason of juvenile delinquency.
C  Even there is a certain proportion of violence in most video games; scientists
and psychologists see its benefits of children’s intellectual abilities.
D  Many parents regard video games as time-wasters, which rot children’s brain.
30 What is correctly mentioned in paragraph four?
 A  Some schools use video games to teach students abstract and high level
thinking.
 B Video games improves the brain ability in various aspects.
C  Some surgeons have better skills because they play more video games.
D  Skillful fighter pilots in this generation love to paly video games.
31 What is the expectation of the experiment the three researchers did?
 A  Gamers have to make the best use of the limited resource.
B  Gamers with better math skills will win in the end.
 C  Strategy game players have better ability to make quick decisions.
 D  Video games help increase the speed of players’reaction effectively.
Questions 32-35 .............................................................................
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 3?
In boxes 32-35on your answer sheet, write
TRUE  if the sataement agrees with the information
FALSE  if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN  if there is no information on this
32 Most video games are popular because of their violent content.
33   The action game players minimized the percentage of making mistakes in the
experiment.
34 It would be a good idea for schools to apply video games in their classrooms.
35 Those people who are addicted to video games have lots of dopamine in their
brains.
Questions 36-40 .............................................................................
Use the information in the passage to match the people (listed A-F) with opinions or
deeds below. Write the appropriate letters A-F in boxes 36-40 on your answer sheet.
A  The writer’s opinion
B  James Paul Gee
C  Shawn Green
D  Daphne Bavelier
E  Steven Johnson
F  Jacob Benjamin
36  Video games as other daily life skills alter the brain’s physical structure.
37  Brain is ready to make decisions without hesitation when players are immersed
in playing stressful games.
38 The purpose-motivated experience that video games offer plays an essential
role in studying.
39 Players are good at tackling prompt issues with future intensions.
40 It helps  children  broaden  their  horizon  in  many  aspects  and  gain  selfconfidence.

Video games’ unexpected benefits to human brains 游戲的好處
28-31
D C B D
32-35
F F N T
36-40
C D B E A

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