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新SAT詞匯與托福詞匯對比

摘要:2016年新SAT改革最大的亮點是取消填空題,將傳統的詞匯題并入閱讀段落中,對學生詞匯量的測試更側重于學生對詞匯詞義的理解、應用以及詞義延伸,不會出現像現行SAT一樣的冷僻復雜

  2016年新SAT改革最大的亮點是取消填空題,將傳統的詞匯題并入閱讀段落中,對學生詞匯量的測試更側重于學生對詞匯詞義的理解、應用以及詞義延伸,不會出現像現行SAT一樣的冷僻復雜詞匯??疾斓囊话闶窃诰渥又芯哂刑囟ㄒ饬x或修辭目的的詞匯,也就是說即使不認識這個單詞根據上下文意思也能夠推測出意思來的,這一點好像比托福單詞還要厚道。

  我們下面就看一看官方給出的例題來看看詞匯題多簡單吧:

  [. . .] The coming decades will likely see more intense clustering of jobs, innovation, and productivity in a smaller number of bigger cities and city-regions. Some regions could end up bloated beyond the capacity of their infrastructure, while others struggle, their promise stymied by inadequate human or other resources.

  As used in line 55, “intense” most nearly means

  emotional.

  concentrated.

  brilliant.

  determined.

  這是一道社科語境下的問題。學生可能經常用“intense”來描述特性或者情緒,這一句的語境要求學生知道“intense”還可以用來表示“全神貫注的”。所以這題的答案是B。

  這是官方解析:

  the context makes clear that the clustering of jobs, innovation, and productivity is expected to be denser, or more concentrated in a smaller number of bigger cities and city- regions, over the coming decades. The best answer can be determined from context clues, and none of the other answer choices makes sense in context although each is a legitimate synonym of the tested word; the tested word is also a high-utility word likely to appear in many types of reading. In these ways, the question draws students back to the text rather than rewarding only isolated vocabulary knowledge.

  新SAT會考察同一個單詞在不同段落中甚至同一個段落中的不同詞義。比如,想一想為什么林肯在葛底斯堡演講中用到那么多“dedicate”這個詞。

  Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

  Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.

  But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate — we can not consecrate — we can not hallow — this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here.

  It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us — that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion — that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain — that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom — and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

  一共用了6個dedicated,大家能說出每一個的意思嗎?為每一個dedicated回復對應的近義詞,可以得到一套完整新SAT官方指南哦。

  為了給同學們更多信心,我們再放上一道官方樣題:

  [. . .] As Kingman developed as a painter, his works were often compared to paintings by Chinese landscape artists dating back to CE 960, a time when a strong tradition of landscape painting emerged in Chinese art. Kingman, however, vacated from that tradition in a number of ways, most notably in that he chose to focus not on natural landscapes, such as mountains and rivers, but on cities. [. . .]

  The following question relates to the underlined portion in the excerpt above.

  NO CHANGE

  evacuated

  departed

  retired

  做完之后同學們是不是要笑出聲了?我們來看看官方的解釋吧:

  This question asks students to determine which word makes the most sense in the context of a sentence from a passage about painter Dong Kingman. The best answer here is choice C because “departed” is the most contextually appropriate way to indicate that Kingman had deviated from the tradition of Chinese landscape painting in a number of ways. Each of the other choices also conveys a sense of “leaving,” but none is as effective in the sentence, as it would be both awkward and unconventional to describe a person as vacating, evacuating, or retiring from a tradition in a number of ways. In this sort of question, students must demonstrate not only facility with language in general but also skill in using language in particular contexts to convey meaning clearly and precisely.

  想了解更多SAT相關信息,歡迎咨詢優擇官網客服或撥打咨詢熱線:400-0341-885,我們有專業名師團隊對提出的問題進行一一解答,為您提供最優質的服務。

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